Author: smartjoy88

Smart Chemistry Smart Future

August 19, 2015


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New Technologies: Advantages and Disadvantages

May 3, 2015


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Technology is in every aspect of our lives today. Everything in the world today looks more convenient and also easier to get with different technologies. As it seems now, the world cannot be without technologies.

Technologies come with advantages and disadvantages. Through technologies, individuals have found different tasks and services become more accessible than in the past. However, technologies have also led to a couple of negative results in the world.

What are the Advantages of New Technologies?

Advantages of New TechnologiesNew technologies have brought about different means of conducting tasks and meeting our day-to-day needs. This has translated into numerous benefits in life. The benefits include:

1) Higher Profits

Recently, numerous technologies such as internet, smartphones, tablets, and social media platforms have emerged. These technologies have increased the ways through which one can earn a living. Also, through these technologies individuals can advertise their businesses and also increase their efficiency in work.

2) Efficient and Fast Communication

The emergence of numerous devices and technologies such as social media platforms has increased efficiency and also speed in communication. The search engines enhanced in different websites makes it easier to access data in a speedy manner.

3) Education Effectiveness

The field of education utilizes technology more than any other fields but still technologies couldn’t replace books. However, different technologies are used in teaching, reading, analyzing, and researching in education. Through technologies, services such as e-learning, passage of content from educators to learners, and interaction among education institutions has been enhanced.

4) Improved Healthcare

Technologies such as x-trays, scanning devices, and therapy devices among others have translated into a more efficient manner in how healthcare is being offered to patients. Also, through technologies, it is easier for patients to contact and book services at healthcare institutions.

5) Cost Efficiency in Production

After installing technologies such as computerized systems, mechanization in different fields, and use of robots, the cost of production reduces in a significant amount.

What are the Disadvantages of New Technologies?

disadvantages of New Technologies

Although technologies have numerous benefits, they are still associated with several disadvantages. These include:

1) Environmental Pollution

Technologies have increased efficiency in production processes such as polymerization and combustion of fuels among others. This has led to increased waste products and emissions into the environment causing pollution.

2) Diseases Increase

Technologies such as food production and preparation and preservation using refrigerator, microwaves, or preservatives have led to increased cases of diseases such as cancer, obesity, and kidney diseases.

3) Unemployment

In various sectors technologies have led to immense unemployment. For instance, security systems, robots, and mechanization of various fields have led to replacement of human labor with technology.

4) Increased Political Unrest and World Destruction

Various countries such as North Korea have heavily used technologies to manufacture weapons, for example, nuclear. As a result, they have put the world under political unrest in fear of outbreak of war. They have also led to destruction of some parts of the world, for example, in Hiroshima and Nagasaki.

5) Negligence of Human Knowledge and Effort

Nowadays, individuals, firms, and companies are relying on the accuracy, speed, and effectiveness associated with technologies over human knowledge and effort. This has led to overlooking on human knowledge and effort in favor of technologies.


New technologies have brought new ways of doing almost everything in today’s life. Technologies have increased human capabilities and efficiency in life. However, they have also been a source of various challenges and risks in the society.


Top 10 Smart Cities In the World

April 22, 2015


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Top 10 Smart Cities In the WorldA city is termed as smart after determining the effective data systems that are interlinked to share different information about the city. This information may concern security, waste management, financial information, energy, health care, water system, and traffic management. The following are a couple of smart cities in the world:

1) London

According to the World Bank Smart Cities Conference, London has appeared as the smartest city in the world for over 3 times. The 2010 London DataStore was marked as a successful and an open data system in the world. Over 500 data sets such as interactive apps, projections for demography and population, and transport systems were integrated together for easy access.

2) New York

After partnering with IBM, New York installed the IBM Business Analytic Solution Center. This data system enhances the city to handle business processes, tax issues, health, fire, and waste management. The data system is expected to help New York to save up to $100m in five years.

3) Paris

Paris is among the greenest cities of Europe. The city has introduced intense digital governance and inattentiveness through establishing data programs such as Autolib and Velib. These programs have translated into efficiency in sectors such as rental stations, traffic, and administration.

4) Toronto

This is the smartest city in North America. Through partnership with IBM, Toronto was able to introduce the IBM Analytics Solution Center. Also, together with Clinton 40 (C40), the system is able to manage its sectors such as water, waste, and finance.

5) Tokyo

Top 10 Smart Cities In the WorldTokyo is the smartest city in Asia. The city has partnered with Panasonic Accenture and Tokyo Gas to ensure that all its sectors are unified for easy management. Tokyo has an data system which integrates storage batteries, energy efficiency appliances, and waste management systems. By linking all these sectors together to a single smart grid, the city is able to control the level of energy consumption.

6) Copenhagen

Copenhagen has largely been famous as the greenest city in the world. Since 1995, the city has achieved in reducing carbon emission by 50%. With Intelligent Traffic Management System and a system for waste management, the city is able to enhance cleanliness and reduced congestion.

7) Seoul

Seoul was among the first cities to introduce the Online Electric Vehicle Technology (OLEV). This technology involves the use of naturally manufactured energy by vehicles. Through magnetic fields fitted on the roads, electric vehicles can be charged as they move. This has helped to reduce energy consumption and carbon emission.

The city has partnered with companies such as Samsung to enhance teleconferencing and groupware systems. It has ensured that over 30 % members of the civil society reside near their homes.

8) Barcelona

Top 10 Smart Cities In the WorldBarcelona is known for its effectiveness in dealing with carbon emission through LIVE EV for EVs and charging infrastructure. The city has data systems to manage finance, waste, water, and traffic.

9) Vienna

The city is popular due to its performance in digital administration and green city achievement. Programs such as Smart Energy Vision – 2050, Road Map – 2020, and Action Plan – 2012-15 has enhanced the city to attain its height.

10) Helsinki

Helsinki has an automated system for waste management which takes charge of over 97% of the total waste from the city. It has different energy efficiency apps and over 1,000 data sets which has enabled it to deal with its sectors. The Helsinki Region Info share platform is used to integrate these data sets.


Smartness of a city implies the smart technologies which have been install to enhance the city to deal with its resources and sectors. Such technologies translates into effectiveness, security, efficiency, improved quality of life, and reduced congestion in the cities.


Resources: Energy & Water

April 13, 2015


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Water and energy are two resources which are related to one another. Normally, numerous energy alternatives rely on water for their production purposes, for example, electricity. Therefore, water is an essential component in the production of energy.

What are the Ways in Which Water and Energy are related?

Both water and energy are two important components in the life of human beings. They are used for several purposes which are centrally to human survival. These two resources are related in many ways.

Each of these resources makes an important part in the production of the other. At the same time, both resources are associated with the utilization and exploitation of each other in order to enhance production processes.

1) Water for Energy

Energy production is highly dependent on water. Water is used in different ways to ensure that energy is produced in its active form. For example, processes such as cooling processes, cultivation of the plants which are used for bio-fuels production, enhancing the performance of turbines, and cleaning purposes all require water. In most of the companies which are involved in the production of energy, water is a major component that is used in their processes. Water also makes the raw materials for energy in some cases.

2) Energy for Water

Energy & Water ResourcesEnergy is also needed in various processes that involve water. In order for water to reach its desired destination, energy must be utilized. Energy enhances water to move from its source up to the destination where it is required for human use. This involves areas where processes such as irrigation, cleaning, domestic or industrial consumption, desalination, or pumping. All these processes cannot take place with the absence of energy.

The Water-Energy Relationship in the management of water and energy resources, energy intensity translates to water intensity in their different sectors respectively and vice versa. Any change in the level of energy directly affects water. Without energy, there is no water and without water, there is no energy.

Different systems such as the water and energy management systems as well as the water infrastructure systems normally showcase the relationship between water and energy. Efficiency in these systems portrays the sufficient presence of water and energy resources. The failure in each of these systems to function as required shows the insufficient presence of the associated resource.

How to Make Each of the Resources Accessible?

The availability each of the resources between water and energy is dependent on the other one. According to IWA World Water Congress & Exhibition in 2014, people with access to electricity have an improved access to water than those who do not have electricity.

Energy makes an important part in the development of energy infrastructures, for example, purification, softening, and transportation. On the other hand, water makes the production of energy easier and possible.

Therefore, in order to ensure that water and energy resources are easily accessible to people, each of the systems dealing with either water of energy must be strengthen. This will increase the efficiency of the system. The efficiency of the water and energy systems translates into improved capacity of the resources becoming more accessible.


How to Balance Work and Family?

February 21, 2015


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How to Balance Work and Family

Balancing between work and family life is a common challenge to many people. However, in order to become a successful person in life, you must ensure that you are productive and effective both areas.

What are the Effective Ways to Balance Work and Family?

Research shows that individuals with happy and stable families are more flexible, creative, energetic, eager, and more dependable in their workplaces. Therefore, being able to manage your home does not only make you happy but also successful. The following are ways in which you achieve the balance between your work and family:

1. Make Your Mornings Easier

Subdivide your house chores and take some of them at night before you sleep. These may include packing everyone’s clothes, ensuring that everyone takes a shower, washing dishes, and ensuring that everything is in place before you sleep. This will enable you to wake up to fewer and manageable chores which will not exhaust your energy before you attend the workplace. In other words, plan your day ahead.

2. Devote Equal Passion for Work and Family

How to Balance Work and FamilyResearch shows that most men have an increased passion for their work than that for their families. This translates into significantly reduced time in interacting with family as compared with that one devoted for work. However, the end results include desperation, loneliness, under-achievement, and even frustration due to social stability.

3. Find a House-help

Trying to do everything at your home may not be possible. At times, you will always end up failing to wait for the kids at the bus-stop, go to the grocery and the food store, or do laundry in time. On the other hand, if you focus more on these chores, you will end up attending your work late or extremely tired. Therefore, a trustworthy and a reliable kids and house caretaker may of considerable help in such a moment.

4. Always Enjoy Meals with Your Family

The best way to succeed in making a special time for your family is enjoying meals with them every day. Despite your work struggles and busy schedules, being devoted to make meal time for your family will enhance you to balance between the two needy areas in your life.

5. Make Your Life to be Purpose-driven

The most important thing in life is to discover your purpose in life. With your special talent and gifts, you can change your life as well as that of your family and others. Through discovering your purpose in life, you will be able to work hard and remain focused to your goals. This will ultimately help you in managing all that you are required to do at work and at home.


Work-family life balance is a daunting process that may seem unmanageable to you. At times, you have to accept to face imbalances. However, these imbalances do not last long before you resume to your normal schedule. By attaining balance in your work-family life, you will be able to establish a life full of happiness and immense achievements.

5 Most Common Study-Abroad Problems and Solutions

November 4, 2014


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Common Study-Abroad Problems and Solutions

Studying abroad presents a learner with a couple of challenges and questions to answer. It is a new experience in a new country with new people and cultures. Before suitably adapting to foreign conditions, a learner has to go through several challenges.

What are the Most Common Study-Abroad Problems?

The following are some of the problems associated with studying abroad:

1) Homesickness

This may seem like a common problem back from high school. However, while studying abroad, one encounters different cultures, activities, practices, and individuals who are completely different to what one is used at home or home area. Severally, individuals suffer from missing some of the activities they do and the interactions they make with relatives and friends back at home.

2) Outsider Feeling

In the new country, you are yet aware of the favorite food-store, grocery, or breakfast place. Also, you do not know where to go when you have free time with limited knowledge of the place and no friends too. The feeling of an outsider intensifies when one watches other students and local residents being comfortably used to their routines.

3) Cultural Differences

Culture is the center of all our activities. We operate in certain specific ways according to how the surrounding culture binds us. In a new country, you may not be aware of the things that you should or should not do at different places, for example, greetings or eating behaviors. This translates into confusion especially amidst people who are aware of the cultures of the new land.

4) Budgeting Your Funds

This is an extremely difficult challenge that faces international students. In a new country, you will have to operate with different currencies and different spending patterns based on the economy of the country. Low budget may lead to inefficiency in your studies.

5) Accumulating Motivation to Start Classes

Orientation sessions combined with the first experiences in the new land may cut off your study motivation. Students take time before they switch on to ultimate motivation for attending classes during their first stages in international schools.

Common Study-Abroad Problems and SolutionsWhat are the Solutions to the Common Study-Abroad Problems?

As an international student, one comes with specific goals, objectives, and expectations that one intends to meet them during the study period. Therefore, finding solutions to the common study-abroad problems is essential in preventing them from interrupting your studies. The solutions include:

1) Homesickness

In preventing this challenge, you may choose to make frequent calls or chats with your family or friends. This will make your heart feel close to them. Also, seek adventure in recreational and leisure places in your new country.

2) Outsider Feeling

Embracing the new cultures, making friends through inquiring about different things, and making regular visit will help you integrate with the new people.

3) Cultural Differences

Again making friends and sharing their experiences will help you learn and integrate with the foreign cultures. Also, learning about cultures of the country through online articles, books, magazines, and documentaries will help you to bridge your cultural difference.

4) Budgeting

Seeking extra money from family and relatives will help you meet your costs. In case your budget runs tight again, you may contact guardian/parent for extra help. Also, work study sessions are useful in increasing the funds for you as a student.

5) Accumulating Motivation

Make a target to attend all classes without failing. Also, think about your dream to explore your course abroad. Check your objectives in order to attain the determination to study hard.


In a different country with different experiences, one must face several challenges. However, staying motivated and determined to achieve your purpose will help you to break away from the challenges.

Top 10 Countries with the Best Security of Life

August 8, 2014


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 Countries with the Best Security of Life

Life is arguably the most important thing. People go to great lengths to preserve it. Attempts have been made to measure the quality of life which is not always easy. There has always been attempts to quantify the security of life. Countries have been ranked depending with the quality of life. There are many things that influence the quality of life in a place. Recently technology has become one of the factors influencing security of life. The following are top ten countries with the highest quality of life in the world.

1. Norway

When there is no security of life, lives get cut short. Norway is the country with the longest life expectancy at an average of 82 years. This is 84 years for men and 80 years for men. Medical technology plays an important in prolonging life as does the technology used to process food and other necessities.

2. Iceland

Iceland is the country with the cleanest tap water on earth. The people of Iceland are the most satisfied with their quality of life. On a scale of 0-10, they average at 7.5.

3. Switzerland

Switzerland could be a case in point concerning the effects of employment on crime rates. It has the highest employment rates in the world and also the lowest crime rate in the world. Eight in evert ten people aged between 15 and 64 have paid jobs in Switzerland. The employment rate is 85% for men and 74% for women.

4. Australia

The nation of Australia is the one with the highest level of personal security in the world. The work life balance is also the best in Australia when compared with other countries the world over. The quality of care given to the elderly is also high. This quality is as a result of the use of hi-tech assistive devices among other factors.

5. USA

 Countries with the Best Security of LifeBeing the wealthiest country in the world, USA offers a lot of opportunities to those who live in it. The country has the highest per capita income in the world. The US can also be categorized as the innovation capital of the world. With a large number of health-conscious people, there are many wearable devices that help people to monitor their health stats.

6. Canada

One of the leading reasons why the security of life in Canada is high is social connections. Life is secured by having people around an individual. On average, Canadians rate their level of satisfaction at 7.3 on a scale of 0-10.

7. Sweden

People live their lives inside the environment. Poor environment means low quality of life. Sweden has the best quality environment in the world. Workers also work for reasonable hours. The use of modern technology gas been instrumental in ensuring a clean environment in Sweden due to recycling.

8. Netherlands

The country has high a high per capita income. This income is more than the per capita income in the United States.

9. New Zealand

This country has a high level of personal security. Environmental quality and jobs also ranks high when compared to other countries in the world.

10. Denmark

94% of people in Denmark are satisfied with the efficacy of drinking water in the country. The rest of the environment is also of high quality. The rate of employment is also the highest in the world.

Security of life has many determinants. Untangling it is rather difficult. With the extent to which technology has permeated every level of life, it has become an important factor in determining how enjoyable life is. There are things that were not possible in the medical field before the improvement of technology but they are now possible.

What Is The Best Time to Visit Iceland?

March 4, 2014


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Best Time to Visit Iceland

Iceland is arguably one of the most visited countries in the world. This is due to its natural and interesting features such as auroras, hot springs, lakes, mountains, and camping sites. Many visitors attend Iceland during different times of the year.

The Best Time to Visit Iceland

As a polar country, Iceland experiences severe cases of extreme cold during the winter. At the same time, some of the features which are most watched in Iceland appear or are best seen during some times of the year. The following are some tips on the best time that you should visit Iceland:

1. Summer Visits to Iceland

Summer comes with a change in weather and the length of days in Iceland. People and animals are more open to interaction and movements. Also, the natural vegetation is livelier. The skies are open thus enhancing proper view of horizons and far distances.

Highland roads are now better and not muddy. The midnight sun allows visitors to enjoy lengthy trips with more time for interaction and visits to different places. However, all these come with cost and perseverance of the congestion in different areas.

2. Autumn Iceland Visits

In Iceland, autumn season is associated with golden lights from the rays of the sun, big storms, and colorful natural vegetation. The country is also in an intensified darkness season in the country.

The weather is unpredictable especially in the south where many unpredictable and crazy storms take place regularly. At this time of the year, Iceland receives the least number of visitors due to poor weather and darkness. However, prices are extremely low while congestion is also erased out.

3. Winter Visits to Iceland

Winter sunshine around Reykjavik city centre Iceland Arctic Circle

Arguably, winter presents the best view of the northern lights in Iceland. These lights can be viewed before the dawn and after sunset in the evening. They appear in colors such as orange, pink, and yellow.

The winter also provides the best experiences in hot springs and camping activities. However, visitors especially those from tropical regions are affected by harsh weather associated with extremely low temperatures. Nonetheless, winter provides the best out of Iceland visits.

4. Spring Visits to Iceland

Spring comes with a taste in everything and a different experience after the harsh winter season. Everyone wants to go out and have some fun. The weather is cool and friendly for activities such as soaking in hot springs, camping, and hiking.

The northern lights can be sparingly viewed. Factors such as the congestion of the summer as well as the winter limitations due to weather are completely eliminated during spring season. This is the season when the real appearance of Iceland returns.


With such knowledge, you can easily determine the most suitable time for you to visit the polar region of Iceland. This will depend with your budgets and the activities that you target to do at Iceland. For maximum fun and adventure, summer may be the best season for you. On the other hand, for education purposes, winter or autumn seasons will be better for you in order to avoid costs and congestion in different places.

What Size Portable Air Conditioner (BTU Level) Do You Need?

January 13, 2014

What Is BTU?

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What Size Portable Air Conditioner (BTU Level) Do You Need

A portable AC is effective in changing the temperatures within a room. People use portable ACs mostly when they visit areas whose temperatures are not favorable or known to them. Therefore, the AC unit aids in the control of weather inside a room.

The Suitable Size of Portable Air Conditioner (BTU Level) for Your Room

In selecting the most suitable size of the portable AC unit, you need to make a few considerations. British Thermal Units (BTU) is used to determine the size of the portable AC that you require for your room.

A portable AC with a higher BTU level produces a higher cooling power. The cooling power requirements depend with the size of the room that you want to install the portable AC unit. Thus, all these factors go hand in hand in the determination of the most favorable portable AC.

How to Determine the Portable AC Needed for Your Room?

The only way to determine the size of the portable AC unit needed is by calculating your BTUs in your room. This can be simply done through the following steps:

1. Check the Square of the Room

Through multiplying the dimensions of the room such as width and length, you will be able to determine its size easily.

2. Check the Size of the Window

This is the window besides which you are going to install the portable AC unit. Check the window’s size and ensure that it is open in order to make venting easier.

3. Check the Electrical Requirements

What Size Portable Air Conditioner (BTU Level) Do You Need

These include plugs and sockets. Ensure that these parts are near the window or any other opening where you want to fit your unit. Also, be sure to devote a single socket for your portable AC system in order to ensure efficiency.
By multiplying the size of the room you will be able to determine the BTUs of your room. 1 square feet requires 30 BTUs especially in areas with modern climate. Thus, if you have a room measuring 20 ft by 20 ft will have a size of 400 square feet. With such a room, you need 12,000 BTUs.

4. Other Important Details

In storey houses rooms or during the sunny weathers, the results of BTU calculations may be increased by 10%. Also, if more people are included in a single room severally, about 500-600 BTUs should be added to the results. Lastly, for shaded areas or in the kitchen, BTUs should be reduced or added respectively to make the conditions favorable.

This may be done through a reduction by 10% and increase of 4,000 BTUs respectively. This will help you to come up with a portable AC unit which is favorable for your room and the conditions in it.


BTUs are essential units in determining the portable AC unit that should be installed in a room. Through following all the necessary procedures, you can easily determine the right figure of the BTUs. The number of BTUs will show you the size of the portable AC that you need for your room. With this, you can easily visit the portable AC dealers and present them with your figures.